The three different types of general magic are spells, enchantments, and potions.
Though it can be used as an umbrella term for all kinds of magic, spells are actually defined as a thought, word, or structure of words that effects the current position, setup, compilation, or effect of a physical object already present.
Spells are most commonly performed nonverbally and must be triggered by a physical motion. The most common way of triggering a spell is with a snap. Some other common triggers are clapping, pointing, or a flick of the wrist. The most important thing to remember about spells is that they are completely dependent on the physical objects currently available, as the very energy of spells only manipulates the energies already present within that physical object. In other words, if you were wanting to say lock a door with a spell, then there must be a physical lock already present. Without it, the spell will not work. Because of their dependency on physical objects, spells are the easiest type of magic to learn and master. In fact, the first couple of levels within spells are usually learned by toddlers.
Enchantments are defined as a word or structure of words that when spoken with focused intent triggers a magical response.
Despite being very similar in structure performance wise, enchantments are very different from spells. The most pronounced difference is there is no need for a triggering motion or any physical objects in order for an enchantment to work. In fact, even if a physical object is present, the enchantment will not use it in any way, shape, or form. So if we were to use the example of locking a door, with an enchantment you don't even need a door, more or less a lock, in order to prevent passage. Why is this? It is because the energy of an enchantment comes completely from the caster of that enchantment, thereby creating a cluster of energy that is unique to every caster. This energy then performs the task of the enchantment that has been cast without the use of any physical objects. Because of their extreme uniqueness from caster to caster, enchantments can be very hard if not impossible to break, as there are only two ways an enchantment can be broken. The first and most common way is by performing the counter enchantment, though there is a catch to this. If not being performed by the caster of the enchantment, then it must be performed by someone who is stronger than the caster. The other way is, if the enchantment is cast on the caster, then a loss in the required focus for the enchantment can also cause it to either momentarily falter or completely collapse. Of all the types of general magic, enchantments are the most difficult, often requiring the mastery of most if not all of spells basic levels just to have enough concentration and focus to even attempt the first level of enchantments.
Potions are like the physical arts of magic, and are defined as a mixture of ingredients whose energies are then fused together with the help of the mixer's magical energy in order to create a physical, often liquid, form of magic.
This is probably one of the most widely known and understood forms of magic, and once created are used in many different ways. Depending on the potion, it can be ingested, injected, applied, infused, or even burned in order to release its magical energy onto the desired target. Even though they can be used by all, believe it or not, potions can be very difficult to properly mix. This is because the energies within the potion must fuse together, and the only way this can happen is if the mixer of the potion has the ability to pore their own energies into the potion, thereby triggering this energetic fusion. This kind of energetic ability, stereotypically, is seen as being weak, for it must be able to pore into a physical object in order to be able to trigger the attempted magic. However, potions themselves actually hold the potential to equal enchantments just as much as they equal spells in their power and potency. So it can make you wonder if the stereotype for the energetic ability to perform them is really all that accurate.